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Gynaecology is the part of healthcare that cares for female reproductive health. It involves looking after the wellbeing of women both when they’re well and when they’re sick. Gynaecologists screen for possible problems, diagnose them, and treat them.

Women need reproductive health care throughout different stages of life. Gynaecologists treat a wide range of problems related to:

  • The menstrual cycle
  • Early pregnancy
  • Infertility
  • Menopause
  • Sexual problems
Bacterial vaginosis
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is an infection that develops in the vagina. It is caused by an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria in the vagina.
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Endometriosis is a disorder where tissue similar to the tissue lining the uterus grows outside your uterus.
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Ovarian cancer
Ovarian cancer occurs when a growth of malignant (cancerous) tissue (known as a tumour) grows in the ovaries.
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Ovarian cyst
Ovarian cysts can develop naturally as part of your menstrual cycle or as the result of an underlying condition (endometriosis).
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Vaginal cancer
Vaginal cancer is very rare and affects your vagina, which connects the uterus (womb) with your outer genitals.
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Vaginal thrush
Thrush is usually caused by a yeast fungal infection (called candida) in the vagina, causing characteristic itching and a white discharge.
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Vulvodynia is an ongoing pain in the vulva, the area around the opening of your vagina.
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Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) growths that sometimes develop in and around the womb (uterus).
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Cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cervix, which connects the uterus (womb) to the vagina. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment.
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A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks. The body should return to normal relatively soon after a miscarriage, but it can be a very emotionally difficult experience.
Pre-eclampsia is a potentially serious condition that can happen in the second half of pregnancy or after the birth. Discover the symptoms and what to do.
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Menopause is the natural process where a woman’s periods stop due to low oestrogen levels. Find out how to manage menopause symptoms.

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