If you'd like to discuss any worries or symptoms related to gynaecology, a Livi GP can help.

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What is gynaecology?

Gynaecology is the part of healthcare that cares for female reproductive health. It involves looking after the wellbeing of women both when they’re well and when they’re sick.

Gynaecological problems can be related to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and fertility, menopause, infections, and sexual problems.

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When your periods stop, this is known as amenorrhoea. It has a wide range of causes, including stress and excessive weight loss, as well as medical causes such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and early menopause or menopause. Read on to discover accompanying symptoms and treatments.

Bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is a common condition caused by a shift in the balance of bacteria that naturally live in the vagina.

Bartholin’s cysts

Bartholin’s cyst, also known as Bartholin’s duct cyst or vulvar cyst, is a non-infectious, small fluid-filled sac near the opening of the vagina. Discover the symptoms and treatment available.


Dysmenorrhoea is another term for period pains or cramps. The severity of your pain can greatly vary from person to person. Read on for more information about possible causes and management of the condition.

Ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilised egg grows outside the womb. An ectopic pregnancy cannot develop into a baby and is usually removed with surgery or medication. Learn about the signs of ectopic pregnancy and the treatment available.


Endometriosis is a disorder where tissue similar to the tissue lining the uterus grows outside your uterus. Find out more about the symptoms, causes and treatment options.


Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) growths that sometimes develop in and around the uterus. Find out about the different types of fibroids, symptoms, and treatments.


A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 24 weeks. Up to a quarter of pregnancies end in miscarriage, mostly before week 12. Some are caused by problems with chromosomes or the development of the baby, but a lot of the time, there’s no clear cause. The body should return to normal relatively soon after a miscarriage, but it can be a very emotionally difficult experience.

Ovarian cyst

The ovaries are almond-shaped organs, one on each side of the womb. Ovarian cysts can develop naturally as part of your menstrual cycle or as the result of an underlying condition such as endometriosis. Find out more about the symptoms and how they're treated.

Pelvic organ prolapse

Pelvic organ prolapse is when an organ that normally sits in the pelvis bulges into the vagina. Read more about the causes and treatments.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects how a woman’s ovaries work. The condition may cause irregular periods and unusual body hair. Read on to find out more.


Preeclampsia affects some pregnant women, usually from 20 weeks of pregnancy or shortly after the baby is delivered. The earlier preeclampsia is diagnosed, the better the result for both mother and baby.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder or PMDD is a condition causing physical and emotional symptoms linked to your menstrual cycle. Read on to find out more.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

PMS stands for premenstrual syndrome. It refers to a cluster of symptoms many women experience before their period. Learn more about the causes, symptoms and how to manage them.

Vaginal thrush

Thrush is a common infection caused by the overgrowth of yeast.

Vulvodynia (vulval pain)

Vulvodynia, sometimes called vestibulitis, is a condition that causes persistent pain in the vulva. There isn’t usually a clear cause. In some cases, any kind of pressure or touch might be painful. There are a few different ways to treat vulvodynia and relieve the pain.