Neurology covers any problems affecting the nervous system. The nervous system is made up of a network of nerves which enable our brain to coordinate our body’s functions. It works by sending messages from the brain to our muscles and organs.
Neurological conditions are the leading cause of disability and include everything from a sudden stroke or brain injury, to more complex conditions like dementia and muscular dystrophy.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that starts in childhood and can cause high levels of hyperactive and impulsive behaviours. Find out about the symptoms and how it’s treated.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in the UK, causing a decline in thinking, memory and behavioural skills. We explain the symptoms, what puts you at risk of developing it, and what treatment and support are available.
Autism is a condition related to brain development that affects how you behave, communicate and interact. Read about what causes autism and common symptoms.
Bell's palsy is a condition that causes a temporary weakness or paralysis of the muscles in one side of your face. Usually, the weakness is temporary and starts to improve over some weeks. Discover the symptoms, causes and how it's treated.
A brain tumour forms when cells divide abnormally in your brain. There are many different types of brain tumours, and not all of them are cancerous. Find out about the typical symptoms of brain tumours and how they’re treated.
Read about how cerebral palsy develops during pregnancy, childbirth or soon after birth and how it affects muscle function and movement.
Chronic fatigue syndrome, also known as myalgic encephalomyelitis, is the feeling of excessive tiredness that makes tasks harder to complete. Learn how to manage the condition
Cluster headaches are a rare type of headache that causes severe pain on one side of your head and come in bouts a few weeks or months at a time. We explain the common symptoms and treatment options.
A blow to the head can sometimes lead to concussion which is a temporary loss of mental function. Most people recover within a few weeks. If you or a loved one is confused, has changes in behaviour, a headache, experiences a seizure or passes out after a head injury, or you are concerned, call 999 or go to A&E immediately.
Dementia is a broad term for a range of different conditions that affect how well your brain functions. It usually starts with memory loss and then influences your thinking and communication abilities. Find out more about the symptoms and how they develop.
Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that affects reading, writing and spelling and is usually diagnosed in childhood. Find out about the signs and what support is available.
Dyspraxia is a condition that affects physical coordination. It appears in childhood but can continue into adulthood too. Learn more about the symptoms of dyspraxia and how to manage them.
Epilepsy is a condition that affects your brain and causes seizures. Find out about the different types of epilepsy and how they affect you.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain all over the body, particularly in the muscles and tendons. The pain can be consistent and diffuse – pain that changes in location and intensity throughout the body. There can also be many focal tender points over muscles.
Huntington’s disease is a genetic condition which affects nerve cells in the brain. It’s usually inherited and only 1 parent needs to have the gene for it to be passed on. Symptoms often get worse over time but there is support and help available.
Migraines are intense headaches often accompanied by feeling or being sick and sensitivity to light or sound. They’re very common but can range in frequency and severity. We explain the main symptoms and what treatment is available.
Motor neurone disease (MND) damages the nerves that control body movement, causing muscle weakness that gets worse over time. Learn about the symptoms, treatment and long-term outlook for people with motor neurone disease
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a condition of the brain and spinal cord that causes a wide range of symptoms that affect movement, vision, balance and the way you think and feel. Read more about how it’s diagnosed and treated.
Myasthenia gravis is a rare, chronic (long-term) condition that causes weakness in the muscles. It affects people of any age but typically starts in women under 40 and men over 60. Learn more about the condition, including its symptoms and the treatments available.
Narcolepsy is a brain condition that affects your ability to stay awake and go to sleep at appropriate times. Learn the effects of this and what you can do to manage the condition.
Parkinson’s disease is where parts of the brain that control movement are progressively damaged over many years. Read more about how Parkinson’s disease presents, is diagnosed and managed.
Restless legs syndrome, or Willis-Ekbom disease, is when you have an uncontrollable urge to move your legs. It can be an uncomfortable, irritating feeling, and can disrupt your sleep. Learn about the symptoms and treatment.
Most people experience tension headaches at some point in their life. They’re the most common type of headache, usually causing mild to moderate pain or tension around your head. Find out about the symptoms and how to treat and prevent them.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition causing sharp, shooting pain on one side of the face. Read more about it here.