Autoimmune diseases are where the immune system mistakes the body’s own cells as a threat and attacks them. Our immune system protects our body against harmful substances. For people with an autoimmune disease, the immune system can't distinguish between harmful and healthy cells.
There are more than 80 known autoimmune diseases including type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and lupus. Around 4 million people in the UK are living with at least one – and although women tend to have a slightly stronger immune system, they’re more likely to be diagnosed with an autoimmune disease.
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a rare condition where your immune system attacks your nerves, causing numbness and weakness in your feet and hands, which spreads to your arms and legs. Find out more about the symptoms and how it’s treated.
Lupus is an autoimmune condition that causes extreme tiredness, joint pain and skin rashes. We explain what causes it and how to improve symptoms.
Myositis is a rare autoimmune disease that causes weak muscles. Find out about the main types of myositis, what causes it and how doctors treat it.
Sjögren’s syndrome causes symptoms of a dry mouth, eyes and vagina. This is a lifelong condition, however, there are different treatments to help manage the condition.
Type 1 diabetes is a severe, lifelong condition that causes your blood glucose (sugar) levels to become too high. We explain why this happens and how to spot the symptoms.