Cancer is a disease that happens when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body. Around 1 in 2 people will develop a form of cancer in their lifetime.
In the UK, the 4 most common cancers are breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and bowel cancer. In most cases of cancer, getting a diagnosis early can lead to better treatment.
Bladder cancer occurs when a growth of malignant (cancerous) tissue (known as a tumour) grows in the bladder's lining. Find out more about the symptoms and how it's treated.
Bowel cancer occurs when malignant (or cancerous) tissue, known as a tumour, grows in the lining of the bowel. A tumour can develop in different parts of the bowel and, depending on its location, can also be termed colon or rectal cancer.
Breast cancer is the most common UK cancer. There’s a good chance of recovery if diagnosed early. Find out about risk factors, symptoms, and treatments.
Cervical cancer starts in the cervix, where the uterus (womb) connects to the vagina. Find out more about cervical cancer symptoms and how it’s treated.
Hodgkin lymphoma is a blood cancer of white blood cells in the lymphatic system. It usually shows as a painless swollen lymph node. Discover the symptoms and treatment available.
Kidney cancer, or renal cancer, is a form of cancer that starts in your kidneys. Find out about the different types of kidney cancer and the treatment available.
Leukaemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, which are the cells responsible for helping fight infection. Learn everything you need to know about leukaemia including how it’s treated.
Lung cancer is the 3rd most common cancer in the UK. Although a diagnosis of lung cancer can be worrying, there are treatments that can be effective.
Myeloma is a type of cancer that affects plasma cells, which are a type of blood cell in the bone marrow. Overall, people who develop myeloma have a good quality of life with treatment. Read more about the causes and treatments.
Ovarian cancer occurs when a growth of malignant (cancerous) tissue (known as a tumour) grows in the ovaries. Find out more about the symptoms and how it’s treated.
Pancreatic cancer is a cancer of the pancreas, an organ of your digestive system. Read about the symptoms, types and treatments.
Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland – the gland that helps to make semen. Find out more about the signs and how it’s diagnosed and treated.
Skin cancer is usually caused by too much exposure to the sun without protection. Changes in the appearance of the skin’s surface is often the first sign. Most types of skin cancer grow slowly, but in rare cases, the cancer can spread around the body – that’s why early treatment is crucial.
Thyroid cancer is a rare form of cancer which affects the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer is usually treatable and rarely returns after successful treatment.
Vaginal cancer is very rare and affects your vagina, which connects the uterus (womb) with your outer genitals. We explain the symptoms and how it’s treated.